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Scaffolding is the temporary support teachers provide during the learning process in order to meet the needs of their students.

Scaffolding techniques include :

  • teacher modeling of the steps in a process
  • activating prior knowledge
  • think-alouds
  • teaching organizational structures, posting plans and schedules
  • providing tools such as graphic organizers, cue cards, checklists, prompts
  • peer tutors
  • highlighting the critical features of text
  • audiotapes of reading material
  • technology e.g software tools that prompt students to reflect and complete a complex task
  • a model of a completed task or assignment against which students can compare their own work

Additional Resources

Read the article, Instructional Scaffolding to improve Learning for a more detailed explanation of scaffolding.