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Think Aloud Strategy

The think aloud strategy is used to make explicit what good readers do to understand the text they are reading. The teacher can model the strategy to show how readers:

  • make and revise predictions
  • determine what is important
  • use prior knowledge to make sense of the text
  • visualize (e.g., settings, characters, events)
  • assume the role of a character
  • draw inferences
  • think and ask questions, e.g. "What is the author trying to tell me?"
  • summarize and synthesize sections of the text

Students come to understand that reading is an active experience. They "see" what good readers do and apply it to their own reading process.

Wilhelm, Jeffrey. Improving Comprehension with Think-Aloud Strategies: Modeling What Good Readers Do. Scholastic (2001)

You can find out more about how to use the Think Aloud strategy at