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Instructional Coaching

Instructional Coaching


Coaches work one-on-one and in small groups with teachers to provide targeted guidance, training, and other resources as needed. Together, they focus on practical strategies for engaging students and improving their learning. Coaches also are often responsible for providing or arranging professional development activities for all teachers in a school or district.


  • Support is determined completely by the needs of the teacher and the skills of the coach. This is as differentiated as it gets.

  • Supports teachers to notice new aspects of practice through questions and modeling.

  • Provides targeted, ongoing, just-in-time feedback.

  • Provides guidance about enacting new practices or refining old ones.

  • Is sustained through the planning, execution, and reflection process of instructional improvement.

  • Promotes safe risk-taking without having to “save face” in front of their teaching peers - they can be more honest and vulnerable in a one-on-one setting.

  • Recognizes that time and intentional practice are needed for growth.

  • Shares accountability between both parties.


  • There has to be ‘buy in’ from person being coached to see growth.

  • Trust is essential.

  • Accountability is shared by both parties.

  • It is time-intensive

  • Requires intensive support from PD leaders

For example