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Reading Strategies



To learn to read is to light a fire; every syllable that is spelled out is a spark. Victor Hugo


The research into reading strategies has redefined the way reading is taught in our classrooms. Children are becoming active and enthusiastic readers as they interact with texts. There are a number of reasons for these changes. Students are encouraged to read texts that are part of their world such as graphic texts, information-based texts, and media texts along with the more traditional literary texts. They have more opportunities for purposeful talk with peers about the texts they are reading. And they are learning strategies that proficient readers use to make sense of what they are reading. 

Proficient readers:

  • Activate and connect to background knowledge
  • Use fix-up strategies when meaning is lost
  • Question the text
  • Visualize
  • Summarize and synthesize information
  • Draw inferences
  • Determine importance

Teaching Reading Strategies

Reading strategies can be taught explicitly while students are engaged in reading any text type or genre. Students of all ages need to be able to read a variety of different genres and text types in order to make sense of the texts that are part of their world. Each text type requires readers to call on the best strategies for getting meaning from the text type they are reading. 


Additional Resources

Reading Rockets Website has an excellent article by Adler, C.R. Seven Strategies to Teach Students Text Comprehension. 

Bookmark the Choice Literacy website. Written by literacy coaches and teachers with actual experience in diverse classrooms, this website presents some of the best information, tools and teaching resources available for teachers who are passionate about literacy.

In particular, the following article by Brenda Power, What Are the Seven Reading Comprehension Strategies? provides a clear and concise explanation of the most effective research-based reading strategies.

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