Writing and rewriting are a constant search for what it is one is saying. John Updike
Although no two writers' processes are exactly the same, all writers use some kind of process to organize their thinking and move their writing from idea to draft to finished text.
The stages of the writing process are a framework to help students become better writers by providing them with a model for writing that they can adapt over time and make their own. It is important to remember that the stages of the process are not linear and writers will often move back and forth between stages during the writing process.
Some things to keep in mind:
Prewriting is the incubation stage, where writers are thinking about their ideas for writing. It covers just about everything a writer does before beginning to write.
Find an Idea:
Build on that Idea:
Plan and Organize:
During the drafting stage the writer begins to put ideas down on paper without worrying too much about spelling and writing conventions.
Students should have the chance to:
The purpose of revision is to clarify and shape the content of the writing and its meaning in order to meet the needs of the intended audience.
Writers should keep their audience in mind as they make decisions about how and what to revise.
There are 4 main ways to revise a text
It should be noted that in Cycles 1 and 2, Elementary, revision generally involves adding a little more detail to help the reader better understand the text, or using different words and descriptions to make the writing more interesting or precise.
Editing is the final stage before a text is published. Editing is different from revision. It involves scanning the surface features of a text, such as language usage, grammatical conventions, spelling and syntax, to check for clarity and correctness. Once a student has completed a final text edit, it is helpful to have a reading partner read it back to them.
Editing means noticing and correcting:
Editing requirements should be developmentally appropriate based on the age of the students and individual needs.
All students should have the opportunity to have some of their writing published for others to read and appreciate. Having an authentic audience beyond the teacher provides a real purpose for the writing.
Publication ideas include:
ReadWriteThink: Implementing the Writing Process. This strategy guide explains the writing process and offers practical methods for applying it in your classroom to help students become proficient writers.