The research into reading strategies has redefined the way reading is taught in our classrooms. Children are becoming active and enthusiastic readers as they interact with texts. There are a number of reasons for these changes. Students are encouraged to read texts that are part of their world such as graphic texts, information-based texts, and media texts along with the more traditional literary texts. They have more opportunities for purposeful talk with peers about the texts they are reading. And they are learning strategies that proficient readers use to make sense of what they are reading.
Activate and connect to background knowledge
Use fix-up strategies when meaning is lost
Question the text
Summarize and synthesize information
Reading strategies refer to both meaning-making processes and to the reader’s knowledge about the purpose and function of the structures, features, codes and conventions of different texts read in different contexts. Readers call on their reading profile, which includes familiar texts drawn from their reading experience, as well as the reading strategies that they have developed and rely upon. Students expand their reading profile and improve reading fluency by spending time reading a variety of texts and are encouraged to discover and extend the pleasures of the reading experience. In addition, it is the ability to connect the reader’s stance, the relationship to the text being read, to the reading context and textual details that allows the reader to build and sustain meaning.
Teachers can model the way they construct meaning through a guided exploration of a variety of texts. These strategies may be revisited frequently.