The purpose of revision is to clarify and shape the content of the writing and its meaning in order to meet the needs of the intended audience.
Writers should keep their audience in mind as they make decisions about how and what to revise.
There are four main ways to revise a text
Add information and/or details. Have I given my readers enough information? Is anything missing?
Rearrange parts of the text. Does the writing flow? Is this the best way to organize it?
Remove parts in the writing that don’t quite fit. Have I given too much information or provided too many details?
Replace any parts of the writing that need to be rewritten, or replaced. Is the piece clear and interesting? Who can I ask to give me a second opinion?
It should be noted that in elementary Cycles One and Two, revision generally involves adding a little more detail to help the reader better understand the text, or using different words and descriptions to make the writing more interesting or precise.
Editing is the final stage before a text is published. Editing is different from revision. It involves scanning the surface features of a text, such as language usage, grammatical conventions, spelling and syntax, to check for clarity and correctness. Once a student has completed a final text edit, it is helpful to have a reading partner read it back to them.
Editing means noticing and correcting:
Editing requirements should be developmentally appropriate based on the age of the students and individual needs.
All students should have the opportunity to have some of their writing published for others to read and appreciate. Having an authentic audience beyond the teacher provides a real purpose for the writing.
Publication ideas include: