Fluent writers demonstrate control over the conventions of writing and most components of the writing process. They take responsibility for adjusting the language and content to suit specific audiences and purposes. They write a variety of literary, popular and information-based texts. At this stage, writers use conventional spelling and select language from a wide vocabulary. They integrate a range of strategies to spell unknown words.
use a wide range of text types and genres for specific purposes
select language and ideas to suit their purpose and audience
use devices such as irony, humour, satire, etc. to strengthen the writing, or influence the intended audience
can talk about their choice of text and decisions made while crafting the text
write a variety of simple, compound and complex sentences using correct punctuation
use strategies for developing cohesive paragraphs
select appropriate strategies to use throughout the writing process
revise, edit and proofread their own writing
know and use strategies for spelling unknown words
select ways to publish writing so as to enhance readers’ understanding and impact
By the time writers reach this stage they have developed a personal style of writing and are able to craft and manipulate a wide variety of text types and genres to suit their purposes and audience. Proficient writers demonstrate control over all components of the writing process.
can convey complex and abstract ideas through writing
have control over spelling and punctuation
adapt the writing process to suit their unique style
have developed an extensive vocabulary
produce writing that is cohesive, coherent and satisfying
Adapted from First Steps Literacy and the work of Richard Gentry.