An important goal of differentiation is to help each student become a more independent and successful learner. For this to happen, we need to know as much about our students as possible. Teachers differentiate content, process and product according to their students readiness, interests and learning profile.
There are three key understandings that come into play here. We know that students of all ages learn better if:
activities and learning situations are just a little above a their current skill, knowledge and understanding level, i.e. readiness
activities tap into their curiosity and passion, i.e. interests
activities are open for them to use their preferred manner of learning, i.e. learning profile